Public-private partnerships: Reference sources

Recent publications for reference (see below* for further details)
» Public-private partnerships in agricultural research and development.
» Stewardship and liability.
» Intellectual property.
» Business sectors beyond agriculture and food security.

Public-private partnerships: a database of examples

The Syngenta Foundation has created a database of information and contacts on PPPs in agriculture. 
Part of an ongoing initiative conducted with Canada's IDRC, the Foundation believes this database will assist the development community, the public sector, academia, non-profit organizations, and private companies.   
Scope and content
The database initially contains around 150 examples. They cover both value chain initiatives and R&D projects. A comprehensive description of each PPP uses key parameters such as country, crop, objectives, partners involved, stage of value chain addressed, R&D target, dates, costs, benefits, and achievements so far.  Where appropriate and possible, it supplies quantitative metrics upon which future cost-benefit analysis can be based. The Foundation plans to make this database searchable soon online.
Access our PPP database (currently available as a pdf).
The Foundation greatly welcomes comments on existing entries and proposals for new ones. Please send yours to


* Further reading

Public-private partnerships in agricultural research and development.
Poulton, C. & Macartney, J (2012) Can Public–Private Partnerships Leverage Private Investment in Agricultural Value Chains in Africa? World Development 40 (1) 96-109 

CGIAR ADE-PSC (2010) Final report and presentations. Workshop on public-private partnerships and associated needs for product stewardship and liability. Zurich, Switzerland, November 11-13, 2009.
Fan, S. (2010) Halving hunger: meeting the first development goal through business unusual. IFPRI report, Washington, DC. ISBN0896295389
Ferroni, M. (2010) Partnerships in agricultural R&D: myths, facts, and the way forward. 14th ICABR Conference on bioeconomy governance: Policy, environmental, and health regulation, and public investments in research. Ravello, Italy

Ferroni, M. (2010) Can private sector R&D reach small farmers? Proceedings of 2009 annual conference ATSE, Crawford Fund pp1-10 (
Nienke, M. Beintema, N.M. and Stads,J. (2010) Public Agricultural R&D Investments and Capacities in Developing Countries: Recent evidence for 2000 and beyond. Global Conference on Agricultural Research for Development (GCARD), Montpellier, March 27–30, 2010 
Pardey, P.G. (2010) Reassessing public-private roles in agricultural R&D for economic development. World food security and private sector R&D. pp13-23 
Technology and Innovation Report (2010) Enhancing food security in Africa through science, technology, and innovation. United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD). United Nations publication UNCTAD/tir/2009 ISSN 2076-2917
CropLife International (2009) Advancing agricultural innovation through public-private partnerships 
Warner, M. and Kahan, D. (2008) Market-orientated agricultural infrastructure: Appraisal of public-private partnerships. Project briefing no.9. Overseas Development Institute, London p.4.
World Development Report (2008) Agriculture for development. The World Bank. Washington DC. pp365 ISBN-13:978-0-8213-6807-7
Hartwich, F., Tola, J., Engler, A., Gonzalez, C., Ghezan,G, Vazquez-Alvarado, J.M.P., Silva, J.A., Espinoza, J. and Gottret, M.V. (2007) Building public-private partnerships for agricultural innovation. Food security in practice technical guide series. Washington, DC. International Food Policy Research Institute p77. ISBN 9780896297715
Hall, A. (2006) Public-private sector partnerships in an agricultural system of innovation: Concepts and challenges. Working paper series. United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and social Research and training centre on Innovation and Technology p33 

Intellectual property.

Krattiger. A, Mahoney, R.T., Nelsen, L., Thompson, J.A., Bennett, A.B., Satyanarayana, K., Graff, G.D., Fernandez, C. Kowalski,S.P. (2007) Executive Guide to Intellectual Property Management in Health and Agricultural Innovation: A handbook of best Practices. MIHR (Oxford, U.K.), PIPRA (Davis, USA), Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (Fiocruz, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil) and bioDevelopments-Insternational Institute (Ithaca, U.S.A.) ISBN9781424320288 (

Kock, M (2009) Patents for Life: the role of intellectual property rights on plant innovations. Bioscience Law Review, vol 10 issue 5. pp.1-10 Patent commons project

Business sectors beyond agriculture and food security.
Public-private partnership 

Ellis, K. (2010) The private sector and development. Policy brief. Overseas Development Institute, London p2 

Department for International Development (2003) Public-private partnerships. Background paper - key sheets for sustainable livelihoods policy planning and implementation. Overseas Development Institute. UK 
European commission (2003) Guidelines for successful public-private partnerships p.100 

Nikolic, I.A. and Maikisch, H.(2006) Public-private partnerships and collaboration
in the health sector. An overview with case studies from recent European experience. Health, nutrition and population discussion paper. World Bank, Washington D.C. p.27